I did a lot of digging in between episodes this time, which really helped me to move many of the bigger seedlings out of the greenhouse. The tomatoes (except for two) and the peppers were all planted out, along with two of the basil plants. All of the Tiny Tim tomatoes were planted in bigger pots and have taken off since.
I also planted the last of the seedlings that I will be doing this season. I planted zucchini in a medium-sized pot which is likely going to be a little small for a plant of its size, but we don’t have plans to eat a lot of it, so hopefully it will only produce a few fruits.
Believe it or not, I finally moved the goji berries out of the greenhouse so that I could plant some vegetables in the raised bed. The goji berry bed measures approximately 8 feet by 8 feet if you measure from the end of each section to the middle edge. Once I get the leaves in, and some more strawberry plants, I am going to plant strawberries in between all of the goji plants. Along with the leaf mulch, this will help to hold in a bit of water by shading the soil (and leaves) as well as helping me to maximize my space.
I also had to remove what was left of the radishes and turnips that were in the raised bed. Almost all of them were starting to bolt, as the hot weather has made it very hard to keep the greenhouse at a good temperature for cooler weather crops. At least we got a few of each early in the season since I won’t be planting any until the fall because of the root maggots we had last year. I had forgotten to mention about these in the video.
As always, keep on gardening, and thanks for watching (the video is below).
A little snow doesn’t keep a good gardener down. Well, maybe it does in more tropical regions, but here in Alberta, it’s not uncommon to have a late spring snow storm or two, so it’s just something we all have to learn to deal with.
That being said, we have really been blessed this season with warmer than usual spring weather, and I think that has a lot to do with the seedlings do as well as they have done up to this point. The extra heat could have hurt them in the greenhouse during the day, but I was careful to vent with my fan through the open door to push out as much excess heat as I could. This worked out rather well, but as soon as I get the frame put on each end, I will have an automatic venting fan that will run from a few small solar cells that I bought.
That small project should help loads with my venting issues in the greenhouse, as having a fan against the outer plastic pushing the hot air out, while allowing the cooler, outside air in through the window will be much more efficient at exchanging the air inside the greenhouse. Right now the fan does an alright job, but I can tell come summer that it will require at least one more fan to run it this way, and every extra fan that I need to run in the greenhouse takes away from the purpose of gardening in there as cheaply as possible.
For the update on the seedlings, you can just check out the video below, it will be much easier for you to see them first hand like that than for me to tell you.
As always, keep on gardening, and thanks for watching!
Even though it has been more than a week since I took the video that this post is named after, and from when the video at the bottom of the page was taken, I figured that I could give a little update about what I did and (mostly) didn’t get done this week in the gardens and greenhouse anyway.
First off, the weather changed and it was very hot for most of last week. Luckily for those tomatoes, I only had to use that blanket once, the rest of the nights it was warm enough to leave them uncovered. That changed this week, though, as the last two nights they have had to be covered, and judging by the forecast, I’m going to have to cover them every night for the near future.
I did come up with a better solution, however, and instead of that big, heavy blanket, I have been covering them with some landscape fabric that sometimes doubles as a shade cloth for me when it gets too hot during the summer. Being a lot lighter, it still seems to hold in some of the heat from the mats, and so far has worked great. I also, just as an extra measure, put a long piece of bubble wrap over the top of the plants on the outside, which may or may not also help, but it gives me a little piece of mind when I go in after covering them.
With all of the heat, I never did get the frames put in like I had planned. I don’t do well in temperatures as hot as it was for most of last week, especially working directly in the sun. To add onto my problems with the heat, when it wasn’t too hot to work, it was too windy to play around with taking off the plastic, or I was too busy with work to get anything done outside at all. I will hopefully get to them soon, though I’m not that worried about them getting in immediately.
I also never did get the broccoli, cabbages, spinach, and kale put out like I had planned, again due to heat, the wind, being busy, and also raspberries. You see, where I’m going to plant them has been taken over partially by raspberry suckers. This wouldn’t be a problem normally, I could just dig them up quickly and toss them, or give them away. This time, however, I want to keep them and replant them at the back of the yard to form a bit of a hedge.
I went out and got a few additions to the yard as well this week: I found a great rain barrel at a garage sale for only $10, that I did have time to set up, and it’s begging for rain just as much as I am. I also bought three more blueberry bushes to go with the four that we already have and two saskatoon berry bushes. That is probably as much as I can do for perennials this season, as the lumber that I bought for the frames and for the rest of the greenhouse changes, along with what I’m planning to spend on a couple of other raised beds has eaten almost all of my budget for the year. You never know, though, I might buy something cheap at the end of the season or something like I tend to.
It’s time for another look at how the seedlings are doing in the greenhouse with nothing but a heat mat and some hope. So far, so good with this method for me this year, but things are about to change.
It has been three weeks since the first video in the series, and since then we have had weather as low as -10°C (14°F) and as high as 34°C (approximately 93°F). Luckily that 34 didn’t last long, it was on a weird day when I had to keep opening and closing the door, and at some point I didn’t open it fast enough to keep the temperature down. Once the door was opened, though, the temperature dropped to somewhere reasonable quite quickly.
In the last week or so, we only had a couple of nights below freezing, and both ended up being around -8°C (about -18°F). The rest of the nights have been near freezing, but not quite making it down far enough, at least not according to my thermometer inside the greenhouse.
No matter how cold it has been, since the last video, I have changed the heat mats to turn off at 9 AM, and turn back on at 7 PM. After this video, I will be changing the evening time to 8 PM, and for now, I will leave them on until 9, but might drop that down to 8 PM if the temperatures allow it.
As for the plants themselves, the only seeds that never germinated were from the Lemon Balm and the Habanero Peppers, the rest all did great. One of the two Meyer Lemon trees even sprouted, which I wasn’t sure would happen since it took most of a month to happen, but I’m glad it did. I don’t think the ones I overwintered made it.
These seedlings might be the strongest that I have ever produced also, I haven’t had any problems with the plants being leggy, or looking unhealthy, and I have lost only one seedling out of everything I planted. That was my fault as well, I missed covering the tray up completely one night and a jalapeno pepper paid the price for it… Phew, say that three times fast. Everything else has nice thick stems and is growing a lot faster than they ever had when I’ve had them under the grow light in the house.
On April 2nd, I planted eight cells each of Kale and Spinach, eighteen of three different lettuces (more on that in a moment), six cells of Broccoli, and six each of red and green Cabbage. Out of all of the cells, everything sprouted except for one cell of broccoli, and none of the lettuce.
The problem with the lettuce might be one of two things; either my seeds are too old, or I planted them too deep.
The seeds I have for each type of lettuce are about three to four years old, and knowing this, I didn’t bother to over-seed each cell like I should have to guarantee something came up, I just planted two or three seeds in each and walked away.
The other possibility is that I planted them too deep. I’ve had some bad luck with lettuce in recent years, and I am starting to think it might be because I have been planting the seeds at 1/2 an inch deep. I have noticed that most gardeners that I follow on YouTube, or even on gardening shows on T.V. mention that they plant their lettuce seeds at a 1/4 of an inch deep, and they seem to have fantastic results.
When I plant some more later in the season here, I will make sure not only to plant it at 1/4 inch but also over seed it a bit… Unless I buy some new seed, which I just might do.
The transplanting went really well, I didn’t mash any baby seedlings with my big, stupid hands like I usually do, and the only thing that didn’t get planted were the White Alpine Strawberries. I’m going to let them get a little bigger before I put them into a bigger pot, or right out into the planter box they will have soon.
Now only the heat loving plants (tomatoes, basil, and peppers) will be on the heat mats at night. Everything else will just be left on their own with only the greenhouse for cover. I know the spinach, cabbage, kale, broccoli, and strawberries will be fine, but I am slightly worried about the mint, chives, and goji berries being left as is if it manages to get down to -5 or below. I guess we will just have to wait and see what happens.
On April 10th I planted four peas (I forgot to mention them in the video), a half row of Early Snowball Turnips, a half row of Round Scarlet White Radishes, a half row of German Giant Radishes, and I used seed tape to make a half row of Scarlet Nantes Carrots in the raised bed. The peas are situated in the back corner, with two across the back, two down the side, and the turnips and radishes are spread out in the middle with rows that are really too far apart. I couldn’t find my line making stick that I usually use, so that’s part of why the other part is I’m just really not good at eyeballing a line and making it straight for planting. Oh, and the carrots are across the front, and they will get another half row once the Goji Berries are out of the other part of the planter.
Which reminds me, a bunch of the Goji Berries from last year are coming back! I thought I had lost them since I never planted them until October in the greenhouse and by then they were so root-bound that it was hard to know when the roots ended and the soil began. So far I have five or six plants that are leafing out, so hopefully soon I’ll plant them in their spot in the yard.
I was going to talk more about the starting schedule that I have modified from Patrick Dolan’s own seed starting methods, but this post is getting really, really long, so I will save that for another time.
Thanks for reading if you did, and if you’re only here for the video, thanks for watching!
Hello, everyone! I posted this video to YouTube last weekend, but as of yet I have not had the time to write up anything for it other than this. Check back soon for the full write up where I will go into more detail about what I’ve been doing out there! Until then, here’s the video:
This should have been written a month ago, at least, however, I have been insanely busy with work, my other YouTube channel, and life in general. None of which are usually the case, but I’ve got some time now, so let’s talk about last year.
What I Accomplished
With the help of my best friend, I got the greenhouse leveled, and put down cardboard to smother any grass that would try to grow through, landscape plastic, to do pretty much more of the same, and wood chips to make a nice looking floor. It worked out really well for a floor, I’ve only had to pick a couple of grass shoots out of it since we did the work in the early spring.
I also put down some cardboard and wood chips underneath the espaliered pear shortly after I made a new trellis for it. So now we don’t have to mow under the branches, hoping not to burn them with a hot lawn mower engine, and it’s on a sturdy trellis, so I don’t worry every time a strong southern wind blows through.
The work with the wood chips and the cardboard didn’t stop there either, I made a small strawberry planter out of an old pallet and placed it east of the greenhouse, where we surrounded it with – surprise, surprise – wood chips and cardboard. I think that we also put down the last of the landscape plastic there just to make sure that the grass didn’t get up through. It mostly worked, I had to pluck some out of the planter every now and then, but, for the most part, it worked well.
I put a raised bed into the greenhouse. This is by far the best thing that I did all season long, as it gave me a lot more space to plant then did the containers the year before. My greenhouse productivity exploded this year because of it.
I planted a tub full of herbs. It was delightful, but more on it later.
What I Learned
Beans LOVE greenhouses. Or so it would seem, I planted nine Kentucky Wonder beans in my greenhouse in the spring and soon they took over enough that they actually started shading my cucumbers. They also ended up going up and over the roof of the greenhouse and touching the other side. We ate a lot of beans, but I still can’t help think we could have eaten more!
This one is pretty embarrassing if I’m being honest. As it turns out, green beans can just be immature beans of other varieties. This is probably common knowledge to most gardeners, but I didn’t have a clue until probably around July. It’s lucky that it’s like this too, because as it turns out, I don’t really like the flavor of the Kentucky Wonder beans once they mature, but I love them as a green bean. I saved a lot of seed from them for this year because of it.
Lemon Balm makes great tea. I started a lemon balm plant because I heard that it would add a zest of lemon to your food without having to buy lemons, which can get pretty pricey in my area sometimes. What I learned, later on, is that a couple of leaves in some hot water makes for a great cup of tea, it not only started me drinking lemon balm tea, but also more tea in general. This year I will make sure to dry and save some leaves for later use, though, as I ran out as soon as the plant died back.
If you’re lucky, a rhubarb plant will live through a zone 3 winter in a small pot on your deck. Blueberries, however, will not. In 2014, I bought three blueberry plants and a rhubarb plant from the local Home Hardware store sometime in June, but I never got around to planting them because I just couldn’t decide where they should go. Well, come to the end of July, the blueberries were doing fine in their pots, but the rhubarb died off. I never threw out the planter that the rhubarb was in, just incase I wanted to reuse the soil (which I normally don’t do, but, this time, I thought I might).
Well, winter went by, and spring came, and all of a sudden I had a tiny rhubarb plant sticking out of the soil, so I started taking care of it and planted it in the yard. It grew to about five times the size it was when I bought it before the year was done and I can’t wait to see how big it gets this year. The blueberries were replaced by four more, which were also planted in the ground as well since they never sprouted leaves from their winter deck vacation.
There is no better defense against cabbage moths and their devil-babies then some good netting. I had huge broccoli plants and the healthiest cabbage plants I’ve ever grown this year simply because I covered them with a frame and a net early in the spring. I’ll be doing that again this year for sure, I just have to keep those bloody raspberries from popping up inside the cabbage bed.
A chair is a great addition to a greenhouse if you have room. I went to a garage sale last spring looking to find a good deal on something that I could use, or sell on eBay. I ended up at a place with nothing that I wanted for some people who were moving, and when they saw I was leaving empty handed, the nice couple offered me a leather chair that was in fine shape, save for a rip on the seat for free. Wanting to help them out, but not really having anything to do with it, I took it, while I was driving away, I thought I’d put it in the greenhouse, and it became a great little place to read, or plant, or just listen to the bubbling of the fountain that I got at another garage sale the same day.
The dark foam that I used to cover the sharp edges on my cattle panel for the greenhouse will destroy plastic because it heats up so much. I bought plastic for the greenhouse that should have lasted for four years, and here I am going to have to replace it after two because the foam pipe insulation that I used to keep the cattle panel edges from tearing it heat up so much in the sun that it makes the plastic brittle. I will find a solution for that this year, though, I have a few ideas floating around for it.
If you’re air pruning a plant (growing in grow bags) you need to have a constant water source. I tried a Roma tomato in an old cloth grocery bag this summer, it started out great when it was smaller, it rapidly took off, and at one point was even bigger than the one in the greenhouse. However, this changed later in the season when it was using a lot of water and drying out quickly, as I just had it sitting on a board on the ground instead of in a kiddie pool with some water, or some other auto-watering system, as Larry Hall suggests. It should be noted, however, that when I took it out of the bag at the end of the season, the roots had AMAZING growth, with tons of root hairs and if I could have kept up with the water, it would have been a great success.
I’m sure that there was definitely more that I learned through my gardening last season, but I can’t think of anything at the moment. Hopefully, by sharing what I learned, I helped you learn something new as well.
Let me know what you learned in 2015 in the garden in the comments below.
Last week, I discussed some of the things that I had accomplished and learned through 2014, so this week I thought we could look ahead at some of the things that I will be putting time and effort into this year. I will break the projects and the plantings into three different groups, things related to the greenhouse, things related to the outside garden beds and areas, as well as touching on other projects that I will be working at that are not directly related, but have to do with the overall areas.
In the Greenhouse
2015 will (hopefully) see some changes for the better in something that I already love to garden in; the greenhouse will go under many small changes to make it work even better in the coming years. Those changes include:
One of the biggest changes in the greenhouse will be the addition of a raised bed on the north side right next to the wall. Though I was mildly successful with the containers I used in 2014, I could fit a lot more plants into a raised bed with a lot better quality soil than I had with the containers last year.
The floor in the greenhouse is going to change as well, the tarp that I had for a floor in 2014 just wasn’t good enough. By the end of the year, I was picking quack grass out from through it almost daily. This year I am going to be putting in a layer of cardboard underneath some landscape fabric, and laying cedar chips down. Not only should this get rid of my grass problem, but it will look great too.
I will be adding more windows to the structure as well, it’s nice in the fall (and I would assume in the early spring) to trap the heat inside on cool, sunny days. However when it was hot and sunny outside, it was extra hot on the inside of the greenhouse, even with my “shade cloth”. To help with venting, I am going to be adding two windows each to the bottom of the North and South sides, these windows will open from the bottom outwards to allow more air in. I will also be adding a window to the door, as I don’t like propping the door open as much as I had to last year.
Due to the parachute shape of my greenhouse, and the fact that I will be putting windows in the bottom, I am now deathly afraid it will fly away in a good wind storm. To sooth my worries, I will be anchoring the greenhouse to the ground with some cement and bent rebar.
While I am doing that, I will also being leveling the area the greenhouse sits on and laying a level layer of bricks for it to rest on once the anchors are ready. This should eliminate the problems I have with gaps around the bottom that I noticed this winter and will save the wood from sitting on the soil when it rains.
I am going to try to get a hold of some bamboo that I can grow in the greenhouse to make into stakes for other plants around the garden. This isn’t really a necessity since bamboo products aren’t that expensive around here, but after all of the rest I am planning for it, I need to save money in the greenhouse somehow! I would bring the plant inside the house for the winter so that I could keep it alive as well.
The last thing I have planned for the greenhouse is to make some cold frames for the raised bed in it for next winter. I don’t know if I will just do an unheated hoop house over them, or if I will get an extra aquarium heater and do what I did this year with my fall garden to keep it warm. Either way, I have lots of time to decide.
In the Gardens
I will be expanding my outdoor gardening area yet again this season, I won’t just be adding in extra beds as I did last season however. Here is what I am planning on:
I am going to make a raised bed just for strawberries, before I was just growing them in pots, but we never got enough berries for my liking. I think I will make it a little taller than my other raised beds, with a 2×4 around the top for sitting on.
A new technique that I have been looking into, mostly on Larry Hall’s YouTube channel, is air pruning. Basically, you grow a plant in a cloth container (in my case some old cloth grocery bags) and when the roots get to the edge of the bag they hit the air and stop growing. Instead of growing around like they do on the inside of a pot, the plant grows extra roots and root hairs and it is supposed to give great results. I will try a couple of bags this year, and if they work out, I will expand on it in 2016.
I am going to plant my gladiolas in pots that are put into the ground instead of just growing them in the greenhouse like I did last year. This will allow me to have the extra space in the greenhouse when it is full during the summer, but come fall, I can extend the season for the gladiolas by bringing them into the greenhouse once there is risk of frost. I am hoping this will lead to more growth of the cormlets that I will be planting come spring, and that the mature corms will produce more, and larger cormlets this year.
I will be adding more variety to my gardens this year as well, with turnips, Swiss chard, kale, and garlic being guaranteed for this year, as well as some hopefuls, like grapes, blueberries (which I had last year, but never found a place for, I’m hoping they’ll live out on the deck for the winter, if not I’ll probably buy new ones), rhubarb (mine died), and at least one goji berry bush if I can get a good deal on one.
The last thing I will be doing in the fall for the outdoor gardens is collecting leaves from the neighbours. I want to mulch all of my outdoor beds with them, as well as starting a pile just for leaf mold if I can get enough. It’s too bad we only have the one tree and some of the neighbours lilacs to get leaves from, or I would have done this a few years ago.
As with 2014, this year will involve some building on my part, though I have decided to keep it as cheap as possible, as these projects are optional in my book and I could just as easily leave them for a year or two:
I want to build a small tool shed out of pallet wood. I will probably buy a couple of 2×4’s just to rip down the centre and make a solid frame out of, but the sides, roof, door, and floor will all be free materials. It won’t be too big, probably a couple of feet deep and wide, by about six feet tall. I have already started collecting pallets for it, but I still need a lot more of them to get the materials that I need.
Mason bee houses. I have some pieces of cedar that came off of one of the pallets I mentioned I had in the last part that I am going to fashion into some mason bee houses. Hopefully I can see some of those hardworking little guys this spring since they are native around here, but we’ll see. If all else fails, I will order some for next year.
I am going to try my hand at hydroponics. The system I have chosen is really cheap to make, it is all done in a five gallon pail, but it will be my first time trying it and I am excited to see the results. I haven’t decided whether to do tomatoes, or a watermelon in it yet however, but I found the design on MIGardener’s YouTube channel.
I also want to move forward with my solar project plans for the future. At very minimum I want to turn our current shed so that I can have one of the slanted sides of the roof facing south so that I can put a solar panel or two on it in a year or two. I may also, if I can get the parts, and some batteries for cheap, start on the small wind turbine that I found plans for as well. That is a very big maybe though, and I doubt it will happen this year.
So there you have it, that’s what I plan to do with my garden areas this year, I would love to hear what new and exciting things that you are planning on building, growing, or expanding as well. You can tell me in the comments below, on Google+, or show me on Pinterest, I can’t wait to see what you guys are up to!